In the sports arena, peak performance in sports is definitely a much popular state by players and coaches of all levels. If the athletes are school boys soccer players or Olympians striving because of their Gold medals, peak performance in sports has always attracted athletes and coaches alike. Inside our modern day of sports, where sports science is at a stratospheric level and rising, what are the factors that when applied correctly may lead sports participants to peak performance in sports? Is there secrets to sporting excellence? Are these factors easily manipulated for the advantages of the athletes? This short article discusses the factors that may lead athletes and coaches to peak performance in sports.
There has been many articles and books detailing principles, programs, success factors and so on that can lead to peak performance in sports. Many authors have written at length about them and in many ways, the principles and factors are universal. The principles of progressive resistance, variety, goal specific training, recovery, etc are all undisputed underlying reasons which allows athletes to achieve peak performance in sports. This article goes a step further by exploring these universal factors in another light. In the process, I am hoping to provide athletes and coaches alike how to practically apply these principles and which are the factors with higher weightage with regard to achieving success and peak performance in sports.
There are basically two group of factors we need firstrowsports to look into. Technical and human factors. Let us take a look at the former group of factors first;
1. Quality Preparation
2. Mastering Individual Skills
3. High Fitness Levels
4. Understanding Overall Team Play
5. FILLING Key Positions of the Team
6. Minimise Errors in Games
1. Quality Preparation
The hard work for any sports season begins with the preseason training that is very intensive. No body likes this season, as the work and training required is often very boring and painful. But it has to be done for the athletes to be optimally prepared for the rigours of the competitive phase. The endurance, strength, speed and skill volumes should be done. Not just the volume of work, but just how much quality is placed into the preparation phase is vital as well. When players cut corners and devote training at face value without their core, it will arrive later in your competition as fatigue, injuries or insufficient sharpness in their performance. Peak performance in sports cannot be possible under such circumstances. The caliber of preseason preparation is a lot more important in youth sports.
Very often in schools, the playing seasons for many sports start almost immediately when the school year starts. With our children away for long vacations, our athletes frequently return to school to face competitions with very little training time. Team play, fitness building and mental preparation are supposed to be done in 2-3 weeks, which in a sports world is nearly impossible and impractical. This sort of preparation can be detrimental to the development of our kids. Under these situations, coaches and teachers (and parents if possible) have a very important responsibility to ensure that our athletes are well prepared for competition. Training programmes for sports ought to be used and implemented at year’s end previously. Our athletes need to understand that that their season effectively began when their examinations are over. With a training programme started, coaches and teachers can than instruct athletes about a vacation training programme as well. Each athlete must have one whereby, they can do something to improve their playing abilities during their break away from school. It could include things like maintain a certain standard of fitness through endurance pursuits like cycling, running or swimming, playing catch and pitching in the backyard making use of their siblings, as well as individual practices to boost certain skills. The main thing here is to preserve and improve what has been attained in the preceding season, in order that athletes do not return back to school and begin from scratch. Simply planning and training in this manner will ensure quality preparation for the sports teams to realize peak performance in sports later.
2. Mastering Individual Skills
In all sports and games, there are particular skill sets and skills that are considered basic and necessary. These should be achieved by athletes before they can play at an increased level later. In basketball, dribbling and executing an effective lay-up are necessary. Throwing, catching and fielding skills certainly are a must in baseball and softball. The push-pass and receiving a pass are essential skills in hockey and floor ball. The list goes on. In preseason training, or at the earliest playing stage, these essential skills should be made recognized to our young players, and all efforts and time should be spent on mastering these basic skills. Without these skills, a coach will find it very hard to execute more technical team plays to achieve peak performance in sports. If strikers cannot even control a long pass from a teammate, how can we expect the same player to carry up the ball well up field against oppositions defenders and execute lay-off passed to oncoming teammates in support. It will be wise for coaches to build up these skills early and also for players to keep improving themselves in these skills even though they might feel that they are good enough already.
Even at professional levels, these basic skills because of their sports is essential for peak performance in sports. The repertoire of skills required and the intensity of how these skills are performed at the best levels are a lot more acute. At the best levels where opponents are very evenly match in every areas, one mistake could result in a win or loss. It is even more very important to professionals to master all the skills required of the overall game or sports. Only under such intense conditions can peak performance in sports be possible.
3. High Fitness Levels
At high school levels, many athletes wouldn’t normally reach their maximal physical development yet no matter just how much they train. Physiologically speaking, the development of this type in youths is quite varied. Some children reach a high fitness standard faster than others, while some have body types which will only respond to training optimally when they get older. Hence, it is usually assumed that a team with the fittest band of players will have the most advantage. No matter how skillful your opponents are, when you are fitter than him or her, it is possible to overcome your insufficient fitness by reacting rapidly to overcome your short fall. Suppose, you are out dribbled by way of a more skillful opponent in soccer. But if you are fitter than your opponent who’ve just out-dribbled you, you will be able to track back fast enough to cover your position again. This edge in fitness for youth is important at the later stages of the game too, as players tend to tire faster as of this age. A fitter team will certainly have the ability to prevail and score more later in the overall game. Players at this age ought to be convinced of this need for fitness, and be encouraged to accomplish whatever they can to achieve the highest fitness level possible.
How about professionals? Certainly, professional athletes are expected to obtain fitness at the highest levels. If they are not, their opponents will undoubtedly be and consequently, they will outperform them and reach their peak performance in sports. In most cases, professional sportsmen learn how to get into great shape and maintain that till the finish of the growing season. Their physical bodies may also be in the very best state to be developed with their fullest potential.
4. Understanding Overall Team Play
Another factor of great importance in achieving peak performance in sports is understanding the overall team play by the players. Imagine a coach telling his charges to clear the balls down the flanks in any invasion game. You may be surprise how many players actually understand why they are told to do this. More often than not, the players will just do what’s required or told by the coaches. The understanding behind their action is quite often very little. They could not understand that by playing the ball down the flanks or wing, it actually forces the opponents defence to spread wider, thus leaving more gaps in the centre for the attacker to exploit subsequently. Another statistically advantage is that plays down the flanks generally result in the attacker obtaining the ball back if it is knocked out of bound. This is why, you often hear players or coaches shouting with their charges to ‘throw it down the line’. Young players love the direct route to goal and very often that means playing through the center. Whatever is taught in tactics to the players, coaches must make every effort to explain and ensure that all of the players understand the tactical significance of their plays. This type of coaching if done properly, makes the players better players and improve their decision making on the pitch. And we have been always searching for more thinking players inside our pitch which will give the team a higher potential for achieving peak performance in sports.
5. Filling Up Key Positions of the Team
The fifth factor that can produce peak performance in sports is really finding the right players to fill up the most key positions of the team first. In virtually any sport teams, there will be key positions that must definitely be filled first. The idea guard in a basketball team is the driver of the team. he controls all plays. A centre in ice-hockey is pivot in both defense and attack, hence he must be the best and fittest and most abled player. The catcher in baseball may be the key man, as he dictates and calls the pitches, and also sees the complete fielding situation. These key positions should be filled first, even if this means fielding someone out of position. I take advantage of to possess a very talented and strong striker who loves to score goals. Unfortunately, I likewise have a large gap in goal-keeping and he happens to be the best handler of balls in the team. After much persuasion and sacrifice, he finally converted to a goal-keeper. Because of his selfless act, the team did extremely well as very few goals were scored against us. It had been not easy to create this move. But because the coach than, I felt that the goal-keeper is too important a player to let any Tom, Dick or Harry player, hence it should be the best. These result was the least number of silly errors from our goal-keeping department and that gave the team a much better possiblity to win games